Border Collie

Border Collie

Dog Facts

Type:
Pastoral
Energy:
High
Exercise Requirement:
High
Affection Level:
Moderate
Protection:
Moderately protective
Size:
Medium
Grooming Maintenance:
Low - medium
Temperature Preference:
Temperate
Typical Lifespan:
10-14 years

About the Border Collie Breed

The Border Collie is slightly longer than tall, with pointed ears, a tail which will droop between its legs or stick out straight, and has a smooth, strong, stealthy run. It is very agile and can change direction quickly, and was bred to be able to do so all day long without tiring.

Named for the area in which it was bred, around the border between England and Scotland, the collie was very carefully bred to make the smartest dog breed possible. As a result, the Border Collie is cited to be the most intelligent dog breed out there, followed by the Poodle and the German Shepherd.

When herding, the Border Collie becomes intensely focused, and very little can be done to break its concentration. In addition, it has a unique way of moving, making use of a space between its shoulder blades which allows it to crouch as it walks, in such a way that it can make the tinniest of adjustments to its movements in order to herd perfectly.

It is a very competent herder, one of the best breeds for herding, and its fierce intelligence is matched by its muscular, athletic body. It has a high amount of energy and can be difficult to tire out. As a result, a Border Collie is not recommended for first time dog owners who aren't able to train the dogs a lot, nor have time to take them to obedience classes or agility training. If it isn't tired out, they will quickly become mischievous and destructive around the home, out of sheer boredom.

Being easy to groom and with fairly few risks of health complications, this dog can live for well over a decade and make a long term, loving companion, if its needs are met.

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