About the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small, elegant dog, that is a little longer than it is tall. It has the build of a working spaniel, with a good reaching gait. It has a medium to long length silky coat, which is usually straight but can have some waves to it. It has long ears covered in a fluff of fur, and a small head with a cute looking face, short muzzle and big eyes. The breed has feathering on the ears and feet, with the latter being a particular distinction of the breed, and for show dogs it is kept as long as possible. The tails are not usually docked, and the dog can be coloured black, white, tan and ruby.
The Cavalier King Charles is a highly affectionate and playful dog. It is patient and eager to please, and makes a great lapdog. It can suit both country and city life, and is fairly adaptable in terms of family and environment. It gets along well with other dogs. Although it will need a good walk to keep it healthy, or access to a safe garden to run around in, it is very happy sitting on a cushion or lap with its owner, making it a good pet for the unwell or the elderly.
As the name suggests, this dog is descended from a favourite of King Charles, who was supposedly so enamoured with his pets that he neglected some of his duties as King. In the 1700s, it was popular among nobles who used to have it sitting on a lap or on the feet to help them keep warm, and supposedly to attract fleas away from their owners. It is slightly different to the English Toy Spaniel (also known as the King Charles Spaniel, without the 'Cavalier' part to the name) as they are a split from the same line that occurred in the early 1900s.
The slightly longer coat of the Cavalier needs brushing every two days, and it should not be left to live outdoors because of its strong social dependence on its owner.