St Bernard

Saint Bernard

Dog Facts

Working dog
Exercise Requirement:
Affection Level:
Very affectionate
Not very protective
Extra large
Grooming Maintenance:
Temperature Preference:
Typical Lifespan:
8-10 years

About the St Bernard Breed

The St Bernard is a proportionally tall dog which is very powerful and strong. The dog has been around since the 1600s, where it was used to pull carts, turn spits, and maybe even to act as simply as a companion. The St Bernard however is most famous for its work as a mountain rescue dog. When it found a lost and unconscious traveller in the snow, it would lick their face and lay down beside them, reviving and giving them warmth. This was made possible because of the dog's huge size.

Although there are two types of coat, the short and the long, the St Bernard did not always have long hair. It is thought that crosses with the Newfoundland in the 1800s brought the long haired variation gene into the line of dogs. This was, surprisingly, a problem when it came to rescue work in the cold mountains, as ice could form in the longer fur, so rescuing was kept for the short haired varieties to do.

Whether long or short, the coat needs brushing every week, especially when it is shedding. With black shading common around the eyes and face, the coat of the St Bernard is usually white and red, but can also be white and brindle.

The St Bernard needs daily exercise, which can be met with a walk or a run. Unlike a lot of dogs, the St Bernard may benefit from living outdoors in a kennel, as it prefers the cold and can struggle in the heat. However, it is companionable and loving, so should be allowed Inside to spend some time with the family.

The St Bernard is easy going and can be good with children, although they may be too boisterous for it. Not very playful, the St Bernard can be quite stubborn at times, but tends to be devoted to its family.

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